Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
What is Job Safety Analysis?
is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level
Why JSA ?
One process, three goals
- Proactive Safety: Identifies unsafe work practices & control measures before an accident occurs
- Jobs for possible improvement in job methods in terms of safety /planning / scheduling / execution / operation
- Increases the safety awareness of the employees and supervisors through their participation in establishing safe work practices
- Creates a job training tool
- New employee
- Pre-job instructions, irregular jobs
- Used for job observation
- Aids in incident investigations
Where to apply JSA ?
- Evaluate existing jobs
- Training and re-training tool
- Prioritize jobs needing re-design
- Reference in accident investigations
- Identify the potential for serious injury
- New jobs
- Modified jobs
- Includes health & ergonomic issues
Area of JSA ?
- Start up
- Shut down
- Emergency shut down
- Preventive Maintenance
- Break down Maintenance
- Preparation of standard Operating procedures
- Accident investigation
Who should perform JSA ?
- HOD/ Area in charge/Person supervising job
- Group Involvement – those that do the job
- Employee that has experience with job
- Person issuing /accepting work permit
- Anyone else who has the necessary knowledge and experience, who may then provide valuable input
Process to Manage Hazards
- Identify the Hazards- What can cause injury or illness
- Assess the Risks – How likely is the incident going to occur which will result in the injury or illness.
- Control the Risk- What must we do to make the work safer
Benefits of Doing a JSA
- Safety awareness is developed
- Increased knowledge about the job
- Job procedures are defined
- Accident prevention is addressed
- Fewer accidents
- reviewing job procedures after accident occur
- studying jobs for possible improvement in job methods
- instructing the new person on the job
JSA Forms Must Have 3 Basic Elements
- job Step
- Hazards or Potential Incidents
- Safe Work Controls
- The JSA provides a written record of the process to be used to proceed on a task
- It is to be signed off by the parties who have responsibility for the tasks
- Management processes must be in place to ensure workers have the skills to complete the job
- There is a required level of supervision to ensure the tasks are completed and documented
- The JSA is to be completed by all employees involved in the activity, not just the principal contractor or supervisor.