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Gear Terminology

gear terminology

Diametral pitch (Pd): The number of teeth of a gear unit pitch diameter. The diametral pitch is, by definition, the number of teeth divided by the pitch diameter. That is,


Pd = diametral pitch

N = number of teeth

D = pitch diameter

Pd      =        N/D


Module (m): Pitch diameter divided by number of teeth. The pitch diameter is usually specified in inches or millimetres; in the former case the module is the inverse of diametrical pitch.

m = D/N


Velocity ratio:-

d  = Diameter of the wheel

N =Speed of the wheel

w  = Angular speed

velocity ratio n=   w2/w1= N2/N1= d1/d2

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