Metals Introduction & Properties


Metal are combination of Iron with carbon It is categorized as ferrous metals. The ferrous metal is very hard and can be made into a different shape. The strength is very high such that it is used in making heavy machinery and equipment.

Even it can withstand heavy weights and harsh environmental conditions. They undergo corrosion with time and can melt at very high temperatures. These metals are good conductors of heat and also electricity. Ex: iron, steel.

Physical properties of metals

  • Shiny (lustrous)
  • Good conductors of electricity and heat
  • High density
  • High melting point
  • Ductile and so can be drawn into wires
  • Solid at room temperature except for mercury
  • Opaque objects
  • Malleable


Chemical properties of metals

  • Easily corrodible
  • Can lose electrons
  • Form basic oxides
  • Acts as very good reducing agents